Eegonos

The cottage Eegonos—presently known as East of Eden—was entered onto the National Register of Historic Places on January 15, 1980. The significance of this particular cottage comes from its architectural background and the social context of its construction; the cottage was designed by Guy Lowell, FAIA, and is one of the few surviving cottages built during the Bar Harbor and Mount Desert Island cottage era [1].

Guy Lowell was a graduate of all three of the main architectural schools of the time—Harvard, MIT, and Paris’ Ecole des Deaux Art [2], and while working from Boston, Lowell designed such buildings as the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston and the Cumberland County Superior Court in Portland, Maine [3]. In Bar Harbor, Lowell was responsible for the design of the 1907 Building of Arts as well as Eegonos [4].

11 - Eegonos 3

Described as a stucco Italian villa [5], Lowell’s design for Eegonos features Mediterranean second Renaissance Revival style architecture “with Beaux-Art overtones” [6]. While it is not the only cottage in Bar Harbor to feature this architectural style [7], Eegonos and its neighbors stand out among the Tudor, colonial, and shingle style cottages filling much of the island [8].

The architectural variety of cottages on Mount Desert Island is attributed to the glittering cottage era that defined the area before and after the turn of the century [9]. As one of the surviving cottages, Eegonos is a reminder of those glittering summers that overtook the community for more than forty years before the effects of the Great Depression, World War II, and the 1947 fire[10].

By Marisa Higgins

 

[1] National Register of Historic Places. Eegonos, Bar Harbor, Maine. National Register #80000223; “Fellow of the American Institute of Architects.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. accessed December 18, 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fellow_of_the_American_Institute_of_Architects.

[2] Register #80000223.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Bar Harbor Historical Society. “Building of Arts in Bar Harbor.” Maine Memory Network. Maine Historical Society. Accessed December 18, 2015. https://www.mainememory.net/artifact/21192.

[5] “Italian Villas on the Maine Coast: Eegonos.” The Downeast Dilettante: Tales & Strong Opinions, From Maine, Regarding Architecture, Art, Books, Design, & Landscape. December 21, 2009. https://downeastdilettante.wordpress.com/2009/12/21/italian-villas-on-the-maine-coast-eegonos/; Trotter, Bill. “Fortunes may come and go but MDI mansions persevere.” Bangor Daily News. September 2, 2013. http://bangordailynews.com/slideshow/fortunes-may-come-and-go-but-mdi-mansions-persevere/.

[6] Register #80000223.

[7] National Register of Historic Places. Harbor Lane – Eden Street Historic District, Bar Harbor, Maine. National Register #09000550.

[8] “Italian Villas on the Maine Coast: Eegonos.”

[9] National Park Service. “The History of Acadia National Park and Mount Desert Island.” Acadia National Park.U.S. Department of the Interior. Accessed December 6, 2015. http://www.nps.gov/acad/planyourvisit/upload/history.pdf.

[10] Register #80000223; National Park Service.

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